Offshore wind farms have become the latest trend when it comes to renewable energy. Offshore wind is when the wind blows from land to sea. With the wind speeds being much higher than wind speeds that are on onshore, this creates more of a domestic energy source. Offshore wind speeds also have a steadier breeze which makes it a more constant form of power. Offshore wind farms have many benefits, including water conservation, job creation, reduction of air pollution and greenhouse gases. Although offshore wind farms are a great renewable energy source, there are some disadvantages. They are harder to build and keep secure because of the offshore location. They are at greater risk and can be more easily damaged by heavy storms and hurricanes. Also, the installation of power lines to transmit the electrical power back to shore is expensive.
Who’s using offshore wind farms?
Many states in the United States who use offshore wind farms include Delaware, Massachusetts, North Carolina, New Jersey, Virginia, South Carolina, Rhode Island, Maryland, Florida and New York. These states are spending about $6,230 per kilowatt of energy that is produced to have offshore wind farms.
Why are offshore wind farms valuable?
Offshore winds farms will deliver a larger, more consistent amount of renewable energy than other wind powered energy sources due to the stronger, more persistent offshore winds. They are also farther into the ocean than they may seem. They will not disturb anyone who is trying to enjoy the beach. The new offshore wind farms better protect marine ecosystems due to the fact they are closed off so they cannot be disturbed.